Gray-headed canary flycatcher (Culicicapa ceylonensis) distributed in South Asia from India and Sri Lanka east to Indonesia. It is considered a common species in lowland deciduous forests. Usually, the canary flycatcher is found at the edge of the forest or in the forest, when it flies from branch to branch, hunting for aerial insects.
The body length of this tropical flycatcher reaches 13 cm, it has a long tail. A characteristic feature gray-headed canary flycatcher it is considered a gray head and throat, contrasting with a yellow back and greenish belly.
This bird nests in lowland forests and other forest areas from April to June. These birds arrange their nest in rocky crevices or tree hollows. Only the female builds the nest; she lays 3-4 eggs.
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If we talk about the botanical description of thiarella, then it is herbaceous, height 10-80 cm, the roots are weak, but grow rapidly in loose, fertile soil. Suitable for growing by inexperienced gardeners and summer residents who do not have enough time to care. Can be used as a ground cover plant.
Green "lacy" leaves are simple (less often complex), carved, consist of three or five plates, the center is purple, pink, lilac, brown, light green.
The length of the cuttings is no more than 2 cm. During frosts, the color changes to bronze-red.
Panicle inflorescences at the tops of the shoots are fluffy, small flowers in the form of tubes or small cones. The color is white or pink, the beginning of blooming depends on the variety, the flowering period is up to 35 days, if not too hot.
The fruit has the shape of an oblong box, the seeds are oval. Decorativeness at the end of flowering does not decrease.
Heart-shaped groundcover tiarka
Perennial, maximum height 30 cm, cuttings, heart-like, openwork. Panicle inflorescences, small, creamy flowers. Rapid growth is due to the formation of rosettes and rooting of creeping shoots, which are sometimes called whiskers.
This type of tiarka rapidly occupies all the free space; outwardly, the planting is similar to a carpet.
The foliage is pink in spring, green in summer, red in autumn, closer to bronze. The buds bloom in June, the flowers are pink, almost white. Resistance to low temperatures allows you to winter without shelter.
Tiarca Werry groundcover
No side shoots (whiskers), maximum height 30 cm. It does not grow very quickly, as it has the shape of a compact bush. The decorativeness of the green leaves is enhanced by the pattern located in the center.
Inflorescences are cylindrical or conical, the flowers are completely white or with a pink tint. The buds bloom in June. Flowering lasts until September. Due to the low resistance to frost, shelter is required for wintering.
Bushes shape Timbuktu resembles rosettes growing up to 25 cm. Large, green, light openwork leaves, on cuttings, look like oak. The center of the plates is burgundy, the veins are purple. Panicle inflorescences are high (up to a meter), pink flowers, blooms up to 35-40 days.
This tiarka grows rapidly, occupying all the available free space. Differs in resistance to frost and pests.
Stunted, leaves are rounded, lobed, high (up to half a meter) racemose inflorescences, pink flowers. Shelter for wintering from peat or dry leaves is required even in temperate climates. Removed after the snow has melted.
Spectacular, decorative foliage, the centers of the green plates are purple, the inflorescences are conical, the flowers are pink,
Miniature hybrid (no higher than 25 cm), the centers of the green carved leaves of the foliage are burgundy, the pubescent small flowers-stars are pink,
A low-growing hybrid (no higher than 25 cm) with large leaves, purple bloom on the plates, pink flowers,
A dwarf hybrid (no higher than 15 cm), in the spring the foliage is pink, in the summer it is green, with a red ornament, the flowers are white,
Ground cover hybrid with large leaves, similar to maple, conical inflorescences, look like rockets, pink flowers,
Suga and spice
Large leaf plates have denticles along the edges, purple veins on a green background, pink flowers, delicate,
Light green leaves are covered with a bloom of white or pink colors, this variety is capricious to care for, winter hardiness is low,
Bushes with a width of up to a meter, with a height of up to 15 cm, a purple ornament on bright green leaves, buds bloom in May, flowering does not stop until August.
The leaves look like flying swans, fragrant, pink buds bloom in early spring,
Morning Star, Starburst
Very popular frost-resistant hybrids bloom early,
The dissected leaves have a clear, black pattern, the flowers are cream, for the winter the foliage color changes to brown.
To enhance flowering, the tiarka is planted in fairly large bushes immediately after the snow has melted. Frosts and temperature drops are not terrible for this plant.
The place should be chosen in partial shade or shade (under bushes, trees). Under the rays of the sun, this plant loses its decorative properties. The exception is varieties with variegated leaves. They require lighter areas, but direct rays of the sun are also contraindicated.
A couple of weeks before planting, the site must be dug up, weeds must be removed along with the roots, on clay and loam, aeration must be increased by adding sand and peat. With increased acidity, ash is required. The distance between the planting holes is approximately 25 cm.
Tiarka loves organic matter, so it is advisable to add compost to each hole in addition to drainage (sand, broken brick, expanded clay).
Seedlings are placed in the holes, after having straightened the roots. After planting, the bushes are watered, the soil is mulched with dry leaves or sawdust, shading is required in an open place.
Tiarella care is not difficult.Despite its resistance to drought, regular, abundant watering is required. With a lack of moisture, buds develop poorly: the foliage grows dull, few buds are formed.
During the season, two dressings are needed: in the spring (nitroamofoska, saltpeter) and at the end of flowering.
With the introduction of bird droppings or rotted manure in the spring, flowering is more abundant. Mineral fertilizers dissolve in water and are applied during the next irrigation.
Even in unfavorable conditions, thiarella almost does not suffer from diseases and pests. This plant itself suppresses some types of weeds. If the care is correct, only slugs are dangerous, preferring shaded, humid places.
For prevention, you can pour eggshells or ash around the bushes. If there are many pests, most can be simply collected and destroyed. Treatment with an insecticide is effective.
Preparing for winter
Some decorative varieties do not tolerate frost well, so preparation is required. In late autumn, the bushes are completely cut out, peat or dry leaves are poured onto the roots. Young plants are additionally covered with dense material.
The shelter is removed after the spring frost. Before the snow melts, the tiarka may suffer from a lack of moisture in the frozen ground. It is necessary to water the bushes with warm water, shade.
For 3-4 years, the bushes grow, the lower parts are bare, the roots are visible. The tiarka loses its decorative effect, it tolerates frost worse. The bushes must be dug up and divided. The place for the parcels is prepared in advance.
To prevent self-seeding, it is necessary to immediately remove inflorescences that have faded. This improves decorativeness, the plant does not take up too much space.
Use in landscape design
Beautiful foliage color, unpretentiousness, a good combination with undersized coniferous and deciduous trees, ferns, boxwood, astilba allows you to widely use tiarella when creating rock gardens, rockeries, mixborders, heather gardens, shade compositions with geraniums, primrose, lungwort, kupena.
The varieties bred from the heart-shaped tiarka love the neighborhood of barberry and cereals in flower beds. Hybrids with variegated leaves are a good option for large plantings. Rhododendrons, heucheras, magonia, hosts, brunner, spirea are planted nearby.
As a bud bloom, the tiarka can be planted along curbs, along garden paths and decorative ladders, on the trunks of bushes and trees.
This plant helps to fill in areas next to outbuildings, unsightly areas in the garden, to strengthen the banks of ornamental reservoirs. Miniature hybrids successfully cope with the role of lawn grass.
Gardeners appreciate tiarka for decorativeness, endurance, durability. The older the bushes, the more attractive they are. This plant is indispensable, if necessary, to decorate semi-shaded and shady areas in the garden.
Tiarella tolerates division, transplantation well, reproduces by self-seeding, is not demanding in care, does not lose its decorative qualities in winter. The abandoned areas of the garden come to life as tiarka is able to grow in uncultivated areas.
This plant is a godsend for a novice gardener and summer resident who rarely visits the site. With a minimum of time and work, you can get the maximum result.
Video: Stapelia - magical properties. Who is the fluffy starflower suitable for?
Other plant names: "Fluffy starflower", "starfish"
Air cleaning: does not purify the air
Toxicity: not poisonous
Difficulty of growing: easy
Type (department): flowering
The form: succulents
Family: Kutrovye (Apocynaceae)
Latin name: (Stapelia)
Category: perennial succulent plants
Homeland: East and South Africa
Graceful and wayward, beautiful stocks
Stapelia (Stapelia) - a separate genus, organized from hundreds of low-maintenance succulent perennials, occupies not the last place in the Apocynaceae family.
The native habitat of these succulents is the African continent, its southern and southwestern parts. In the natural environment, the miracle plant was chosen by forest mountain slopes and areas next to water bodies or next to trees.
With its name, the stapel is grateful to the outstanding Dutch doctor of the seventeenth century, Van Stapel.
A well-known relative can be claimed by hoya.
The unpleasant and disgusting aroma of star-shaped flowers, which bears a resemblance to the smell of rot, is a characteristic distinguishing feature of this plant and helps it survive in natural conditions. Many flies flock to these aromatic vibes and pollinate the stocks. The seemingly showy beauty and eerie scent of this nourishing plant has long made it very popular in the beautiful world of flower lovers. Even Goethe, in his statements about an extraordinary flower, called this miracle "the most beautiful - the most monstrous flowers."
The unsurpassed stapelia cactus, depending on the conditions of detention, can grow in height from ten centimeters to half a meter.
It flaunts with a large number of original stems in the form of juicy tetrahedrons, which branch out from the base. The shades of the color range depend on the presence of dazzling sunlight. The beautiful greenish color can change to bluish or purple-violet. The edges of the stapelia are edged with soft impressive teeth, through their presence the plant acquired the name "cactus stapelia". The beautiful staple has no leaves.
The base of the stems is the place of dislocation of exotic pubescent group or single flowers perched on the bent stem part of the flower. The impression is that the plant is strewn with starfish. Each type of stapelia has its own variegated or monochromatic color of flowers and its own not very pleasant aroma that causes nausea. The size of these exotic species ranges from five to thirty centimeters.
Photo stapelia can be seen and admired the beautiful exotic by getting acquainted with its extraordinary and charming varieties.
Star-shaped stapelia (Stapelia asterias)
South African undersized succulent beauty grows in shaded areas, where it adorns rocky mountain slopes. Twenty centimeter green or reddish faceted stems are covered with small teeth. From the bases of young stems, long pedicels emerge on which brownish-red flowers-stars with thin yellow lines are piled up. Plump pinkish hairs cover the entire flower. Longer villi are concentrated at the edges of the petals.
An elegant succulent attractive monster with ribbed glossy stems that change their appearance as they grow. Young shoots are plump and graceful in a light green shade. Growing up, they become denser, covered with a silvery-pink bloom and, as it were, glow. With flowering, the stapelia pleases in the summer with huge sixteen centimeter flowers presented by long flexible peduncles. The petals, covered with silvery hairiness, are greenish-blue above and burgundy below, lanceolate, form a starfish halo. The beautiful but foul-smelling bloom lasts from two to five days.
Giant stapelia (Stapelia gigantea)
The rocky terrain of South Africa is home to the most unscented staple species. Perennial succulent with straight strong twenty centimeter faceted, in a rare clove, stems, the thickness of which reaches three centimeters.Tall flower stalks are presented with huge thirty-five centimeter flowers. The yellow petals are triangular in shape, exposed by hairiness and carelessly painted cherry touches.
Stapelia variegata (Stapelia variegata)
Highly decorative exotic succulent miracle of compact growth up to ten centimeters high. Flaunts with fleshy bright greens or reddening stems, forming edges with hooked teeth. In a warm time, the indoor stapelia flower is covered with wonderful eight centimeter yellow or cream flowers. The outer side of the petals is smooth, and inside with wrinkles, they are decorated with asymmetric dots or brownish stripes.
The compact, purely colored and spectacular furry succulent perennial is only fifteen centimeters tall. Its tough and graceful, light green, three centimeters in diameter, faceted pterygoid stems, framed by small sparsely spaced teeth. Enchanting flowering at the same time of three five centimeter greenish-yellow flowers. The pale pink dots and stripes make the flowers very attractive. Slightly folded edges have long white hairs. Colorless, numerous club-shaped hairs cover the entire surface of the flower.
This variety is a ten centimeter succulent bushes. Shoots are green or purple with obtuse jagged edges. In the flowering mode, the tops of the newly formed stems are decorated simultaneously with up to three flowers with a charming waxy aroma. The petals of flowers are oval, pointed triangles, the edges are beautifully bent. On the outside, the flowers are smooth, pale yellow in color, inside they are slightly wrinkled, yellowish, sometimes dark red.
Stapelia mutable (Stapelia mutabilis)
This type of staple has bare, stable stems up to fifteen centimeters long along the perimeter of which teeth are located, their tips look up. High pedicels hold flowers, yellow with a greenish tint, collected from triangular-egg-shaped petals, the edges of which are decorated with cilia. The top of the flower is pointed brown, the flower is painted with transverse stripes and dots.
Stapelia cactus photo of its various species, we examined how the stapelia blooms and analyzed the distinctive features and structural features of this exotic miracle.
Stapelia home care
Stapelia is an unpretentious plant, but there are subtleties that you need to know and apply when communicating with it. Caring for indoor flowers should be as close to natural as possible, providing them with fresh air and coolness of the winter off-season.
Site selection and temperature conditions
Stapelia cactus care for him is due to seasonal observation. It is advisable to place the slipway on the windows oriented to the west or east. Lighting should be diffused. To form a beautiful crown, a starfish needs a lot of bright sunbathing.
Attention! To avoid burns on the slipway during the summer, do not place it near the window glass.
The run-up of 22-26˚С will be comfortable temperature indicators. Lover of fresh air, but not cold. Draft stocks are not terrible. The indoor plant will be happy with the summer holidays on the territory of the balcony, terrace, garden. Protect your exotic from rain drops. Stapelia care in winter is slightly different from the warm season. It is desirable to ensure a smoothly organized transition to a temperature drop to 10-12˚С.
Air humidity and watering
Fluffy starflower is a succulent plant, which means it is not afraid of dry air throughout the year.Frequent spraying is not necessary. A warm shower for hygienic purposes will not hurt, but we exclude the flowering period.
We water the "starfish" modestly, controlling the state of the earthen mixture in the flowerpot, which should have time to dry out a little between waterings.
Soil and its feeding
In order not to steam, we buy a ready-made mixture for cacti. You can add a drop of sand.
An individual earthen mixture will have approximately the following composition: sod land, leafy land and a half of the norm of sand.
It is advisable to feed your pet during active growth with an interval of thirty days. You need to take half the rate of fertilizer intended for cacti. The presence of potassium fertilizer will be useful for the stocks, which helps to fight putrefactive microorganisms.
Spring transplanting into small and wide pots for the stockpile will be acceptable. Older specimens change pots after three years. Old central stems can be removed to make room for new pagons. For perennial stocks, we replace part of the substrate on top with a new one.
For propagation of stocks, seeds or slightly dried cuttings of the stems are used. For rooting, peat, sand or water are suitable.
Pests and diseases
Uninvited guests rarely hit the slipway. If the growing process is disturbed, spider mites, aphids or mealybugs may appear. It is advisable to immediately treat your exotic with insecticides. To prevent such misunderstandings from repeating, we carry out regular preventive measures. These include regular inspection of the slipway, wiping it with a brush soaked in alcohol, lowering temperature indicators, and reducing watering.
Difficult growing moments
- Why does the staple not bloom? Perhaps the plant does not have enough light, there is not enough potash fertilizers in the soil and an excess of nitrogen is possible. It is advisable to add sand to the flowerpot.
- Why does the stapelia flower turn yellow? Perhaps the plant does not have enough lighting, plus errors in the content.
- Why is the stock withering? Too frequent watering, excess water and waterlogging of the soil.
Stapelia omens and superstitions
If you believe the experts who study the energetic capabilities of plants, then the indoor stapelia flower can improve the energy of the room and change it from negative to more positive, restore harmony between the people living in the house. Reduces harmful electromagnetic radiation.
On the other hand, the building stock can act negatively on others. For example, people with growing stocks become tougher and more proud. They also say that if you receive a flower as a gift, you can lose your loved one. If there is a flower in the house, the marriage may fall apart.
Believe it or not this reasoning is up to you.
We have briefly learned how to care for stocks. This outlandish and original flower, even with its own specific scent, can be an excellent solution for the variety and revitalization of any interior.