at Wikimedia Commons
Golden satrap (lat. Satrapa icterophrys ) Is a bird from the tyrannous family. One of a kind Satrapa.
Golden satraps live in Latin American countries such as Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay.
The species' natural habitats include humid lowland forests, grasslands, and areas of clear-cut forest in the tropics and subtropics.
The very concept of "satrap" together with "satrapy" originated during the Achaemenid dynasty - around 530 BC. At that time, Cyrus II the Great ruled in the Persian Empire, who invented an original, hitherto unknown system of organizing supreme power in the provinces.
The huge territories captured by Persia during the campaigns of conquest were required to be managed and, at a minimum, to receive regular taxes from them. To accomplish this, governors loyal to the supreme ruler were appointed in the provinces. Thus, the newly acquired lands received the status of satrapies, and a satrap appointed by the king ruled the new region.
As a rule, the satrapy retained the boundaries of the state that existed before the capture of the state, but sometimes, for the convenience of management, it was divided into several parts.One of the king's close associates became a satrap.
The system developed and improved: for example, during the time of Darius I, the Persian Empire included 36 satrapies with their governors.
The region, which received the status of satrapy, received quite a lot of freedoms - the preservation of the language and local laws. In fact, the main duties of these lands and their rulers were the regular payment of taxes and, if necessary, the collection of troops.
All other subtleties of managing the "state within the state" fell on the shoulders of the satrap. The governor appointed by the king had the right to make laws, judge, execute, pardon, start a war with the neighboring satrapy, and even print his own currency.
However, the life of a satrap was not at all as sweet as it seems at first glance. At his court, the royal secretary, treasurer and voivode were certainly present. All these officials sent from the capital looked after the affairs of the satrap, and if something happened, they immediately reported him to the king.
The constant risk of being removed from office at any moment at the whim of the king was probably the reason for the regular abuse of power. Sometimes this resulted in atrocities within the region, and sometimes - led to a rebellion against the supreme ruler.
Revolt against the king
The most striking illustration of the disobedience of the governors to the supreme ruler was the Great Rebellion of the Satraps, which happened in 372 BC under the Persian king Artaxerxes II.
Satrap of Cappadocia (territory of modern Turkey) - Datam - was not appointed by the king,and received this position by inheritance. Most likely, this is why he refused to obey Artaxerxes and proclaimed his province an independent state. Later some other satraps joined him.
Another ten years later, the satrap of Armenia, Orontes I, rebelled, refusing, by order of the tsar, to leave his native satrapy and go to another. Orontes also had allies, but he betrayed them, having received a reward from the king - new territories on the Aegean coast. The mutiny was suppressed.
Satraps of Macedon
The existence of the Achaemenid dynasty was interrupted by Alexander the Great. However, conquering new possessions, the great commander learned a lot from his enemies. He left the Persian system of satrapies almost intact.
The Macedonian satraps successfully ruled their provinces, however, as soon as the great commander died, they pulled the newly created empire apart.
In general, the satraps coped well with their duties, and the satrapy was, albeit an imperfect, but rather effective system of state organization. The position of a satrap, in itself, hardly deserves the mockery that it is customary to invest in it today; rather, the negative is the merits of specific individuals who have abused the power they have received.
Did you like the article? Put your finger up and subscribe to channelso you don't miss the fun!