Bird Families

Long-Tailed Eagle / Haliaeetus leucoryphus

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Long-tailed eagle

  • Superclass Tetrapoda Class Birds Aves
  • Order Falconiformes, or diurnal birds of prey - Falconiformes
  • Family Hawk - Accipitridae
  • Subfamily Kites and Eagles - Milvinae
  • Genus Eagles - Haliaeetus

Long-tailed eagle - Haliaeetus leucoryphus Pallas - a very large bird (wingspan up to two and a half meters), similar to eagles, but with wider wings, powerful, very high, usually light yellow beak, heavy flapping flight (rarely soar). The tarsus is feathered only up to half. The long-tailed eagle is small in size, of light build, the head and throat are light, the tail is long, rounded, white with a transverse dark stripe, the beak is bluish at the end. Young birds are light brown with a dark tail, dark spots on the sides of the head. The voice is a loud barking scream.

The main habitat is open areas near lakes and river floods. It nests on tall trees and rocks, usually near large bodies of water. The nests are huge, of thick branches, some are used for many years in a row. Clutch contains 1-3 white eggs. It feeds on fish, birds and small animals, carrion. It catches prey from a low level flight or looks out, sitting on a tree or rock.

At present, apparently, it does not nest within Russia. Wandering individuals are recorded in the south of Russia from Transbaikalia to the lower Volga and eastern Ciscaucasia.

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