Bird Families

Indian marabou is 145 - 150 cm long and has a wingspan of 250 cm

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Marabou (lat. Leptoptilos) is a genus of birds from the stork family, which includes three species. The name is of Arabic origin: word marabout in this language they call a Muslim theologian. Thus, the Arabs revere the maraba as a wise bird.

Very large storks with the most powerful beak, the smallest of them - Javanese marabou, or minor adjutant (L. javanicus), inhabiting from India and Ceylon to Borneo and Java, resembles yabir and saddlebills by way of life, 2 other species are specialist scavengers.

The traits of adaptation to such a diet are a naked head and neck covered with sparse hair-like plumage, a downy collar on the shoulders, a cone-shaped expandable bag on the neck serving as a "pillow" for the beak. The last two signs are absent in the small adjutant, and his beak is not straight, but slightly sloping upward. The top of all species is dark - black or slate-gray, the bottom is white, the beak is brownish or yellowish, the legs are bluish-gray.

Large marabou practically not associated with water bodies and woodlands, live in savannah, anthropogenic landscapes, form food associations with vultures, gathering in large quantities around carrion. Marabou do not have a hook on the beak and do not know how to effectively butcher prey, so they usually leave this to the vultures, and then take chunks from them, taking advantage of their strength. According to other observations, it is the marabou who open the scavengers' meal, piercing the thick skin of a dead large animal with a powerful blow of the beak, which the beaks of the vultures cannot cope with. Able to swallow and digest large bones. They look out for the carrion, hovering over the savannah like vultures.

Besides falling marabou feed on rodents, lizards, snakes, locusts, chicks, ruin nests, even get to the hanging nests of weavers in the trees. They can make rather loud mooing sounds using a resonator. African marabou (L. crumeniferus) is a flourishing background species south of the Sahara, both Asian - rare, globally vulnerable.

Along with condors, large pelicans and albatrosses, marabou They have a huge wingspan - up to 320 cm.

Indian marabou

The Indian marabou is 145 - 150 cm long and has a wingspan of 250 cm. The large gray upper wing coverts contrast clearly with the otherwise black upper side. The belly and the underside of the tail are light gray, the frill is white. The fledgling head is pink and the powerful beak is yellow.

1. Distribution

Whereas the Indian marabou used to breed in South Asia from India and Sri Lanka to Kalimantan, today the breeding range is limited to Assam and Cambodia. The bird hibernates in Vietnam, Thailand and Myanmar. It inhabits seashores and salt marshes, as well as light forests and dry grassy landscapes.

2. Lifestyle

Food consists of frogs, large insects, young birds, lizards and rodents, birds and carrion and human food waste are not neglected. The Indian marabou nests in tropical humid areas, often in small breeding colonies of up to 30 nests. 2 - 3 eggs are incubated by both parent birds for 28 - 30 days.

3. Population

While in the 19th century the bird was often found in India and Burma, today their numbers have dwindled to less than 1,000 individuals. The reasons for this are the destruction of nesting and foraging areas by draining wet areas, using pesticides, as well as hunting and collecting eggs.

  • Muslim theologian. Thus, the Arabs revere the maraba as a wise bird. The length of birds from the genus Marabou varies from 110 to 150 cm, the wingspan is from
  • Javanese marabou lat. Leptoptilos javanicus is a South Asian bird of the stork family. Javanese marabou 110 - 120 cm long, has a wingspan of 210 cm
  • mycteria Genus Marabou Leptoptilos Javanese marabou Leptoptilos javanicus African marabou Leptoptilos crumeniferus Indian marabou Leptoptilos
  • marabou is known primarily as a scavenger bird, which associates it more with the vultures of the Old World than with other storks. Another species of marabou
  • Indian beak Indian razinya stork Black stork White-necked stork White stork Black-billed stork Asiatic yabiru Javanese marabou Indian marabou Black-headed
  • Black stork Ciconia nigra Far Eastern stork Ciconia boyciana Indian marabou Leptoptilos dubius Brood birds belonged to the group of wading birds
  • migratory birds. These are, first of all, populations of pink flamingos, also ibises, marabou pelicans, ulits, ducks, teals, herons, spoonbills, coots, plovers, etc. In the savannas
  • of the reserve, one can distinguish the Javanese marabou of the gray pelican, the red-faced shrub cuckoo, the Indian cormorant, the Indian snake, the gray heron, the lesser
  • hyenas, jackals and many birds - vultures, some species of storks African marabou Many animals periodically include carrion in their diet - lions, bears
  • birds: gray pelican Pelecanus philippensis Indian beak Mycteria leucocephala Javanese marabou Leptoptilos javanicus
  • Africa is inhabited by parrots, for example, the turaco Jaco, guinea fowl, birds - rhinos, marabou and other storks, penguins are the only representative - spectacled penguin
  • such as the gray beak Mycteria cinerea Javanese marabou Leptoptilos javanicus Indian crane Grus antigone and several others are endangered
  • peacock pheasant, birds - rhinos, light-headed bamboo woodpecker, Javanese marabou white-winged duck, pygmy falcons and many others. Cattienne is one
  • bengalensis Indian vulture Gyps indicus Vulture Gyps tenuirostris Snow vulture Gyps himalayensis Black vulture Aegypius monachus Indian eared
  • these include IUCN-listed vulnerable species such as the Javanese marabou It is part of the Key Bird Area in southwest Johor
  • chimpanzees, hippos and rhinos, among many others. From birds - ibises, marabou bird - secretary, various types of cranes, etc.
  • Malay wool-necked stork Leptoptilos dubius - Indian marabou Leptoptilos javanicus - Javanese marabou Mycteria cinerea - Gray beak Agamia agami
  • stormi - Malay wool-necked stork Leptoptilos javanicus - Javanese marabou Anas acuta - pintail Anas clypeata - broad-necked Anas crecca - teal - whistle
  • surprise there are many waterbirds: from the common mallard to the Javanese marabou. There was also a place for the black-headed gull. The height distribution of birds is given for
  • reserves. The birds are dominated by the gray, turaco, guinea fowl, the rhinoceros kalao marabou Reptiles and amphibians of the tropical equatorial and subequatorial zones
  • Ciconiidae is represented by 4 species: African beak Mycteria ibis African marabou Leptoptilos crumeniferus White stork Ciconia ciconia Black stork Ciconia
  • women 18 - 50 years of age The on-air content of the channel is made up of Ukrainian, Indian and Turkish serials, as well as programs and cartoons. TV channel Curlers
  • purpurea Black stork - Ciconia nigra White stork - Ciconia ciconia African marabou - Leptoptilos crumeniferus Forest ibis - Geronticus eremita Loafers
  • enter the race to breed for millions of red-billed weavers. Marabou storks collect caradrina from grass, and chicks from their nests. Dry season may
  • Ciconia ciconia Saddled yabiru, Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis African marabou Leptoptilos crumenifer Order: Flamingos Family: Common flamingos
  • get them out of the nest. In East Africa, the African marabou Leptoptilos crumeniferus, which not only preys on eggs and chickens, is a threat
  • on the Mascarene Islands. Leptoptilos robustus is a species of extinct birds of the marabou genus from the stork family that lived in the late Pleistocene 126 - 12 thousand years
  • Braganca - before - Couples Diocese Castagnala Diocese Camet Diocese Macapa Diocese Marabah Diocese Obidus Diocese Ponta di Pedraza Diocese Santarena Diocese

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BEAUTIFUL VISION

The African marabou can be found in almost all of Africa. In most cases, they settle in savannah and humid regions rich in game, on rivers and lakes, as well as where there is a lot of carrion and waste. A powerful wedge-shaped beak, ending in front with a sharp end, serves not so much for catching and dividing prey, as for breaking the abdominal wall of large animals with several blows. The bird then plunges its head deep into the insides of the corpse to rip out the guts and chunks of meat. The feathered head and neck would always be stained with blood, so marabou, like kites, are almost naked at the top. And in flight, the marabou resembles these birds (wingspan 2.6-2.9 m). Marabou also hunt for live prey such as fish, amphibians, reptiles and insects. From time to time, they invade flamingo colonies, abducting offspring. An adult marabou needs about 700-800 g of food per day. The bare skin sac on the neck does not serve as a goiter, as was previously assumed, but is needed only during tocation. Marabou are great at using warm updrafts (term), climb steeply to great heights and can survey vast expanses. Having discovered the corpse of an animal thanks to their keen eyesight, they smoothly slide down without visible effort. In search of food, they often follow the behavior of other scavenging animals: where many kites and jackals have gathered, there it makes sense to land a marabou too.

SUSTAINING HERMITS

“Marabou” is derived from the Arabic word “murabi”, which means “hermit”. But their way of life is different. These are sociable birds that breed chicks in colonies. Mate at the age of four, as a rule, this is a union for life. The marabou has a complex current ritual. They stretch their heads, their beak vertically upward and emit shrill mooing or creaking sounds, and the pharyngeal sac appears to serve as an amplifier. Both sexes are engaged in nest building, incubation and rearing of offspring. Nests are built on trees or rocks. At the end of the rainy season, the female lays two to three eggs. For these birds, it is preferable to raise chicks during dry periods, when there are enough carrion.After four to five months, the chicks leave the nest.

ROLE AS IMPORTANT AS GARBAGE

African marabou, like other large carrion eaters (kites, hyenas, lions and jackals), play an important role of “natural cleaners” in their habitat, since eating animal carcasses and meat waste limits the spread of diseases and contamination of water sources by dead animals. This is especially important for waste management at slum borders.

ASIAN RELATIVES OF MARABU

When it comes to the marabou, in most cases they speak of the African marabou, which has two relatives in Asia. Indian marabou, or argala (Leptoptilos dubius), up to 1.5 m long, wingspan about 3 m.

In the cities of Central India, he once played the role of a street cleaner. The largest wing span of all marabou, and apparently of all land birds, is the Javanese marabou (Leptoptilos javanicus), which lacks a pharyngeal sac. It is found in areas of Central India up to Java and the Borneo Peninsula. The abundance of both Asian species is believed to be under great threat.

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