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Canary black oystercatcher - an extinct bird of the oystercatcher family


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Canary black oystercatcher

The Canary black oystercatcher is an extinct bird of the oystercatcher family. Lived in the eastern part of the Canary Islands. The last individual was caught in the wild in 1913.

1. Notes on systematics

Until 1982, the taxon was considered a subspecies of the African species Haematopus moquini. Both of these species were considered by some bird watchers to be a subspecies of the oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus.

2. Description

The bird was 40 - 45 cm long. The body weight was 600 - 800 g, the females were somewhat heavier. The length of the beak is 7 - 8 cm in males and 8 cm in females. The length of the tarsus is 5 cm, the wing is 25 - 26.5 cm. The color is black, shiny, except for the whitish feathers in the lower part of the wings. The beak and eyes are reddish-orange, the legs are dark pink, with ivory-colored claws. The coloration of young birds remains unknown, however, by analogy with other species of the genus, they probably had dull colored naked body parts and brownish-gray down, which provided camouflage from predators.

3. Habitat and extinction

The Canary Sandpiper was endemic to the Canary Islands, in particular Fuerteventura, Lanzarote and the adjacent islands of the Canary Archipelago. The birds inhabited the coastal area. Invertebrates formed the basis of food. Features of behavior and ecology in general were similar to those of other members of the genus.

The decline in the population was due to the excessive harvesting of invertebrates in the intertidal zone, as well as direct disturbance of birds by humans and the predation of rats and cats introduced to the islands. The last individual was caught in 1913, and by the 1940s, the extinction of the species was finally announced. It is now considered an extinct bird species as studies in the mid-1980s failed to provide evidence for the species, despite four compelling reports from Tenerife and Senegal between 1968 and 1981.

  • extinct. Sandpiper - magpie Haematopus ostralegus Canary black sandpiper - magpie Haematopus meadewaldoi African black sandpiper - magpie Haematopus moquini
  • Chlamydotis undulata Little bustard - Tetrax tetrax African black sandpiper - magpie - Haematopus moquini Sandpiper - magpie - Haematopus ostralegus Stilt - Himantopus
  • Otis tarda Little bustard - Tetrax tetrax African black sandpiper - magpie - Haematopus moquini Sandpiper - magpie - Haematopus ostralegus Stilt - Himantopus
  • Black emu lat. Dromaius novaehollandiae minor is an extinct flightless bird from the order of cassowary, a subspecies of emu that lived on King Island in Bassovoye
  • ringed parrots in color. Males had a black necklace characteristic of ringed parrots Early researchers mention red feathers in the shoulder area
  • the same as the white-billed woodpecker had black-and-white plumage, the male with a pointed black-red, the female with a pointed black crest. The difference is
  • Rodriguez were exterminated, probably by the domestic cat and black rat introduced by humans in the 17th - 18th centuries. Larger owl of Mauritius, which existed before colonization
  • the wings and underside were gray, and the undertail was whitish. The beak was black; the eyes were red-orange. The female was colored the same as the male. However, greenish
  • Kittlitz discovered the species in 1828 and often observed birds in community with the black pigeon Columba janthina Bonin pigeon sought food alone or in pairs
  • the size was 9.5 cm, the wing length was 11.4 cm and the tail length was 2.7 cm. The legs were black. On the back there was a bronze green tint with a golden sheen. Straight
  • 11.5 cm. The tail was 19 cm long. The plumage was predominantly shiny - black with a brownish tint on the belly. The characteristic feature of the species was yellow
  • the type has been lost. The plumage was monochrome - brilliant black The beak and legs were black The reasons for the extinction of the species are likely to be reproduction
  • there was a yellow forehead, a black crown and a gray nape. The chin area and underside were also yellow. In the chest area, the plumage was black.
  • white - gray, the underside of the wings is white with dark gray stripes. The tail is dark with black and gray stripes. Hawks began to die out at the beginning of the 20th century. Presumably
  • 3, 5 to 3, 8 cm. Females were smaller than males. The plumage was predominantly black. The tail feathers were brown with white tops, except for
  • Ascension in 1656. It was a small bird, about 22 cm long, grayish-black in color with white streaks. She had strong legs and very short wings
  • Ixobrychus minutus includes a larger spot on the upper wing, black upper body with light brown veins, lower body
  • the rest are reddish brown with black piping. The underside was rusty red and no streaks. The iris and beak were black Legs were greenish
  • The bird had a corpus luteum and brownish wings. The legs were brownish black, but at least one naturalist - a contemporary insisted that while the individual
  • These birds had dark brown plumage on top and gray on the bottom, black legs. Males and females of these species are outwardly the same. The singing of this kind consisted
  • olive brown and had a slightly light bottom. It also had a large black beak that allowed it to break open the seed pods that were in the trees.
  • wing coverts, center of abdomen, undertail and thigh are red. The back of the head and head are black Areas around the eyes, at the base of the beak and cheek are yellow. Throat, chest and
  • silvery gray. The forehead, beak and bridle were black. The throat and sides of the head were black with gray dots. The back was brownish
  • colors. The head was dark purple. The bare blue skin of her face was surrounded by a black wreath of feathers. The back was blue. The tail was blue with a greenish tint
  • the underside of the wings. The beak is wider and deeper at the base. The upper part of the body is black. The tail is white. Wing coverts are grayish brown. Feathers are wide
  • 200 g. The plumage is dark brown above, the belly is sandy in color with dark brown and black specks. The male and female were similar, however, the female was lighter. For the first time
  • Secondary flight feathers are black, with varying degrees of pronounced purple-violet sheen. The tail feathers were black. On the back of the forehead
  • white spots. The bottom is dark gray, also with white spots. The head is almost black, the neck is covered with dark brown spots in winter, white in summer. Gray feet
  • undulata Great bustard - beauty - Chlamydotis macqueenii Little bustard - Tetrax tetrax Sandpiper - magpie - Haematopus ostralegus Stilt - Himantopus himantopus Avocet
  • the causes of extinction were introduced introduced species such as black rat, domestic pig, avian diseases, mosquito-borne avian malaria

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