Photo Credit: © Joao Quental / flickr
The bald-headed parrot is found only in the east of the central part of the Amazon in Brazil. Lives in low-lying tropical rainforests.
The main color of the plumage is yellow-green, the bend of the wing and the shoulders are orange-yellow, the carpal margin and underwing coverts are red, which is especially noticeable in flight. The upper part of the breast is pale, olive yellow, the thighs are yellow. The bill is dark gray with an orange base of the upper jaw. The eyes are orange. The bald-headed parrot got its name for its absolutely naked orange head.
Young birds are distinguished by a greenish head and yellow beak.
|1. Blue-throated (blue-throated, ocher, red-eared) |
|2. Brown-eared pyrrur (Burgundy) |
|Subspecies P. frontalis → Bolivian (fire-winged) P. devillei |
|3. Red-bellied |
|4. Pearl |
|5. Green-cheeked |
|6. Blue-faced (Panamanian, Azuero) |
|Subspecies P. picta →Amazonian (Santarna, Helmaira) P. amazonum|
Bonaparte (Deville) P. lucianii
|The weight||0.08 to 0.1 kg|
|Body length||0.22 to 0.29 m|
|Torso||Knocked down, dense|
|Color||Against the background of green, red, yellow, gray, brown, blue colors slip through.|
|Beak||Widened, with side projections, black or beige.|
|Paws||Short, strong, with tenacious toes.|
|Tail||Stepped, reaches 15 cm.|
|Species differences||The birds were classified and named according to their external features - body size and color.|
|Features of the||Specific chest pattern (stripes and scales).|
|Sexual dimorphism||Sexual external differences are completely absent. You can find out the gender only by radiography or DNA test.|
|Features of young animals||The color and beak are lighter than that of adults.|
South American countries:
They prefer to live in moist dense forests near rivers, as well as in wooded areas of the foothills. Some subspecies live near farmlands.
For living and building nests, birds choose hollows located high above the ground. After a short mating season, the female lays 2 to 9 eggs and incubates them. During incubation, the male guards the nest and feeds the female. The offspring are born in 21-29 days. Both parents are engaged in raising offspring. At 1.5 months of age, the chicks begin to fly out of the nest, but finally part with their father and mother after 3 months. Parrots become sexually mature by 2 years.
Features of behavior
When flying, they know how to change direction sharply - from vertical to horizontal and vice versa.
Wild Pyrrhurs rarely live to be 10 years old. Among the reasons for such a short life cycle:
- Avian infectious diseases.
- Poisoning of fields and reservoirs with chemicals, poisonous substances.
Keeping in captivity
Red-tailed Pyrrhurs are well suited for home breeding, although they are very rare among breeders. The main conditions for breeding birds are called the following:
- Arrangement of a cage or aviary.
- Organization of a balanced diet.
- The organization of the microclimate in the room as close as possible to the natural environment:
- humidity - from 70%,
- temperature - +20 - +24 ºC,
- daylight hours (at least 12 hours),
- draft-free ventilation,
- daily walks around the apartment, and swimming,
- cage care, disinfection.
All future breeders should also remember about some of the disadvantages of birds:
- Phlegm (they do not like active games, they ignore any toys).
- Nocturnal lifestyle (they can jump in the dark, shout, knock, turn everything in the cage).
- Showing aggression towards other pets (especially birds).
Red-tailed parrots love space. Therefore, the size of the cage should allow the birds to spread their wings and jump on poles. Recommended dimensions - from 0.6x0.6x1.2 m. The best option is to equip an aviary (in this case, walks around the apartment will not be needed).
A parrot is placed in a cage:
- nesting house (for sleeping or resting, for laying eggs),
- thin twigs, branches with bark (for cutting the beak and grinding off the claws),
- feeders, drinkers,
- poles for sitting.
Video Red-tailed Pyrrhura parrot / Pyrrhura molinae
The diet of Red-tailed birds should be balanced and varied. The following feeds are introduced into the diet:
- Grain, microgreen from it (canary seed, millet, oats, wheat, corn).
- Fruit (pear, apple, banana, grape, orange, pomegranate).
- Vegetables (carrots, beets, lettuce, broccoli, radishes, squash, pumpkin, corn, peppers).
- Herbs (dandelion, plantain).
- Branches from trees, young shoots of herbs.
- Porridge (buckwheat, oatmeal, rice, pearl barley, oatmeal).
- Fermented milk products (low-fat cottage cheese, kefir).
- Boiled eggs.
- Natural honey.
- Bread rusks soaked in milk.
- Lime, chalk.
Character and features
Breeders often have different opinions about Red-tailed birds. Sometimes they are called calm and quiet, and there are those who consider parrots to be noisy fighters. In each case, it all depends on the individual characteristics of the bird and on how much a person works with his pet. Despite their small size, the birds feel the mood of the owner and can even empathize together, trying to dispel the melancholy.
Pyrrhurs are highly intelligent. They easily repeat simple tricks, like to kick the ball, and can reproduce several dozen words. These parrots do not boast of special vocals, but they can shout with pleasure.
Pre-purchase tips and cost
Considering that Pyrrhurs are rare birds, and very few people from breeders are engaged in breeding them, it will not be possible to buy birds just like that.
In pet stores, those who wish are offered to pre-order for chicks and wait for their turn.
Professional nurseries recommend to their clients grown and matured chicks from 3 to 4 months old at once, but the price is usually set higher than the market price. Birds from the nursery easily adapt to new living conditions, readily lend themselves to training.
Buying undocumented birds from the market is a bad idea as there is always the risk of acquiring sick or old birds.
Due to their rarity, the cost of Red-tailed birds is quite impressive - from $ 100 to $ 250 per individual. The price is influenced by the species, species purity, appearance, and the degree of training.
When buying, you should definitely look at the feathered one. In a healthy bird:
- The eyes are clear.
- The plumage is even, without bald spots.
- No discharge from the nostrils and eyes.
- There are no growths on the beak and paws.
- There is no feces near the cloaca.
- The parrot is active, shows interest in what is happening around.
Pyrrhurs will suit both exotic lovers and ordinary people who wish to acquire feathered "friends". An interesting appearance, a cheerful disposition, a developed mind, a good-natured character are the features that distinguish Red-tailed parrots from others. With rational care and patience, such pets will brighten up life with their presence and will always delight the household with their funny tricks.