Bird Families

Congolese fedina swallow

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The family Swallow - Hirundinidae - is rich in species (79). Swallows are characterized by the ability to get food in the air; they are able to catch insects on the fly. The swallow has a characteristic body shape: a short and very wide, especially at the base of the beak, a very large opening of the mouth, narrow and very long wings, a wide chest and at the same time a graceful constitution, short and weak legs, unsuitable for movement on the ground, finally, usually a forked tail - signs by which it is easy to distinguish representatives of this family from other birds. They can only be confused with swifts, on which the swallows look very similar in appearance. The plumage of swallows is dense, usually with a metallic sheen on the back. Both chicks and adult birds have a similar color, there is no sexual dimorphism either. The size of the birds is small (length 9-23 cm, weight 10-60 g).

This family includes 19 genera with 79 species distributed all over the world, except for the coldest latitudes (they are not in the Antarctic, Arctic, Subarctic), New Zealand and some oceanic islands. Most of the species are residents of hot countries. Swallows are especially diverse in Central Africa: for example, 15 species nest in Angola. The species living in northern countries are migratory, swallows living in warm regions are sedentary. Swallows are wonderful flyers; they spend a significant part of their life in the air. They even drink on the fly, rushing swiftly with their wings raised and their necks extended downward above the very surface of the water and scooping it up with their mandibles. They go down to the ground reluctantly, preferring to sit on tree branches, roofs of buildings, wires Singing of swallows - quiet pleasant chirping These birds build nests on rocks, in cliffs on buildings, less often on trees, some species arrange them in coastal cliffs, pull out deep burrows. The nest itself is usually constructed from clay or from earth glued together with bird saliva. The tray is always lined with soft plant rags and feathers. In clutch there are 3-7 eggs, often whitish, sometimes with streaks. 1-2 clutches per year. Swallows' food consists exclusively of insects caught on the fly (small flies, mosquitoes, midges, small bugs, etc.). All these insects, carried away by currents of warm air in clear sunny weather, rise quite high up. At this time, the swallows, busy hunting, fly high in the sky. When, especially before a thunderstorm, the air is saturated with water vapor and the wet insects are “nailed to the ground, the swallows move closer to the water bodies. Here, rushing at the very surface of the water, they catch insects that continue to fly in rainy weather: dragonflies, mayflies, caddis flies, butterflies, etc. It is no coincidence that the behavior of swallows has long been a weather indicator. For residents of cold and temperate latitudes, the dots are the favorite messengers of the warm season. Many peoples of the world protect the nests of these birds, and there is a belief that a swallow nesting under the roof of a house brings people happiness.

The family is divided into two subfamilies: Pseudochelidoninae, which consists of a single genus of river swallows (Pseudochelidoninae), and Hirundininae, which includes all other genera.

* Genus River swallows (Pseudochelidon)
o African river swallow (Pseudochelidon eurystomina)
o White-eyed river swallow (Pseudochelidon sirintarae)

* Genus African swallows (Psalidoprocne)
o Brilliant African Swallow (Psalidoprocne nitens)
o African Cameroon Swallow (Psalidoprocne fuliginosa)
o African White-headed Swallow (Psalidoprocne albiceps)
o African dusky swallow (Psalidoprocne pristoptera)
o Scissor-tailed swallow (Psalidoprocne obscura)
o Psalidoprocne orientalis
o African Black Swallow (Psalidoprocne holomelaena)
* Genus Pseudhirundo
o Gray-faced swallow (Pseudhirundo griseopyga)
* Genus White-backed swallows (Cheramoeca)
o White-backed swallow (Cheramoeca leucosternus)
* Genus Swallows-fedina (Phedina)
o Mascarene fedina swallow (Phedina borbonica)
o Congolese fedina swallow (Phedina brazzae)
* Genus Coast Swallows (Riparia)
o Lesser Barrel Swallow (Riparia paludicola)
o Sandy Shoal Swallow (Riparia congica)
o Riparia riparia
o Pale Bank Swallow (Riparia diluta)
o White-browed Barrel Swallow (Riparia cincta)
* Genus American Swallows (Tachycineta)
o Arboreal Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)
o Violet-green American Swallow (Tachycineta thalassina)
o Golden American Swallow (Tachycineta euchrysea)
o Bahamian swallow (Tachycineta cyaneoviridis)
o Tachycineta stolzmanni
o Mangrove swallow (Tachycineta albilinea)
o White-winged swallow (Tachycineta albiventer)
o Common Swallow (Tachycineta leucorrhoa)
o Tachycineta meyeni
* Genus Forest Swallows (Progne)
o Purple Wood Swallow (Progne subis)
o Progne cryptoleuca
o Dominican wood swallow (Progne dominicensis)
o Progne sinaloae
o Gray-breasted Wood Swallow (Progne chalybea)
o Fork-tailed Forest Swallow (Progne modesta)
o Progne murphyi
o Progne elegans
o Brown-breasted Wood Swallow (Progne tapera)
* Genus South American Swallows (Notiochelidon)
o Brown-bellied South American Swallow (Progne murina)
o Patagonian swallow (Progne cyanoleuca)
o Pale-footed South American Swallow (Progne flavipes)
o Black-capped South American Swallow (Progne pileata)
* Genus Haplochelidon
o Andean swallow (Haplochelidon andecola)
* Genus Amazonian swallows (Atticora)
o White-belted Amazonian swallow (Atticora fasciata)
o Black-necked Amazonian Swallow (Atticora melanoleuca)
* Genus Dwarf Swallows (Neochelidon)
o Dwarf swallow (Neochelidon tibialis)
* Genus Pampas Swallows (Stelgidopteryx)
o Stelgidopteryx serripennis
o Pampas Swallow (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis)
* Genus Fox Swallow (Alopochelidon)
o Fox Swallow (Alopochelidon fucata)
* Genus Swallows (Hirundo)
o Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)
o Song Swallow (Hirundo lucida)
o Angolan swallow (Hirundo angolensis)
o Brown-throated swallow (Hirundo tahitica)
o New Guinea Swallow (Hirundo neoxena)
o White-throated swallow (Hirundo albigularis)
o Thread-tailed swallow (Hirundo smithii)
o Blue Swallow (Hirundo nigrita)
o Spotted Swallow (Hirundo leucosoma)
o White-tailed swallow (Hirundo megaensis)
o Pearl-throated Swallow (Hirundo dimidiata)
o Blue Swallow (Hirundo atrocaerulea)
o Black-red swallow (Hirundo nigrorufa)
* Genus Rocky Swallows (Ptyonoprogne)
o Rock Swallow (Ptyonoprogne rupestris)
o African Rock Swallow (Ptyonoprogne fuligula)
o Monochromatic Rock Swallow (Ptyonoprogne concolor)
* Genus Urban Swallows (Delichon)
o City Swallow (Delichon urbicum)
o Eastern Funnel (Delichon dasypus)
o Nepalese funnel (Delichon nipalense)
* Genus Cecropis
o Cape Swallow (Cecropis cucullata)
o Spotted Swallow (Cecropis abyssinica)
o Red-breasted Swallow (Cecropis semirufa)
o Giant swallow (Cecropis senegalensis)
o Red-lumbar swallow (Cecropis daurica)
o Spotted swallow (Cecropis striolata)
o Cecropis badia
* Genus Mountain Swallows (Petrochelidon)
o Red-throated Mountain Swallow (Cecropis rufigula)
o Red-browed mountain swallow (Cecropis preussi)
o Petrochelidon perdita
o South African mountain swallow (Cecropis spilodera)
o Cameroon mountain swallow (Cecropis fuliginosa)
o Indian mountain swallow (Cecropis fluvicola)
o Beautiful mountain swallow (Cecropis ariel)
o Woodland swallow (Cecropis nigricans)
o White-fronted mountain swallow (Cecropis pyrrhonota)
o Cave Swallow (Cecropis fulva)
o Petrochelidon rufocollaris

See also other dictionaries:

Congolese fedina swallow - konginė fedina statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Phedina brazzae angl. Brazza s martin vok. Brazzaschwalbe, f rus. Congolese swallow fedina, f pranc. hirondelle de Brazza, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas - fedinos… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

Swallow - Request "Swallow" is redirected here, see also other values. ? Swallow ... Wikipedia

Brazza`s martin - konginė fedina statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Phedina brazzae angl. Brazza s martin vok. Brazzaschwalbe, f rus. Congolese swallow fedina, f pranc. hirondelle de Brazza, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas - fedinos ... Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

Brazzaschwalbe - konginė fedina statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Phedina brazzae angl. Brazza s martin vok. Brazzaschwalbe, f rus. Congolese swallow fedina, f pranc. hirondelle de Brazza, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas - fedinos… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

Phedina brazzae - konginė fedina statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Phedina brazzae angl. Brazza s martin vok. Brazzaschwalbe, f rus. Congolese swallow fedina, f pranc. hirondelle de Brazza, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas - fedinos ... Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

hirondelle de brazza - konginė fedina statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Phedina brazzae angl. Brazza s martin vok. Brazzaschwalbe, f rus. Congolese swallow fedina, f pranc. hirondelle de Brazza, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas - fedinos ... Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

konginė fedina - statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Phedina brazzae angl. Brazza s martin vok. Brazzaschwalbe, f rus. Congolese swallow fedina, f pranc. hirondelle de Brazza, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas - fedinos… Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

Ⓘ Congolese Fedina Swallow

The Congolese fedina swallow is a passerine bird of the swallow family. The species is still insufficiently studied and until 2008 had a protected status "DD".

Subspecies are not distinguished.

1. Description

Body length 12 cm.

Swallows feed on flying insects, including termites, which are caught in the air above the water or over the savannah.

During courtship, the male sings about a ten-minute song for the female. They prefer to nest along the river banks. There are three white eggs in a clutch.

  • Swallows - Fedina Phedina borbonica J. F. Gmelin, 1789 - Mascarene swallow - Fedina Phedina brazzae Oustalet, 1886 - Congolese swallow - Fedina Rod

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